This web site is
optimized for FireFox

For beginners
Sheep 101 logo
Sheep 101 | 201



Market Reports

Quick Links




Blogger icon
Shepherd's Notebook
Maryland Goat Test

My Flickr images
My Flickr™ sheep
and goat images

Webinar recordings
Webinars

SlideShare

Online quizzes

Facebook button
Twitter button



American Sheep Industry Association

Grow Our Flock logo

American Lamb Board logo

AGF logo

IGA logo

Animal Agriculture Alliance logo

Real Farmers logo



University of Maryland Extension

eXtension


Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control

Livestock and Grain Market News Portal

lamb
Direct Lamb Dashboard



Baalands logo
Webmaster's farm

me

"Education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom."

George Washington Carver


Metabolic/nutritional diseases

Many diseases can affect the digestive system of sheep and goats. Many are nutritionally-related. Nutrient deficiencies, excesses, and imbalances can cause many disease conditions or predispose animals to other problems. On this page, links are arranged alphabetically by disease or disorder: acidosis, bloat, copper deficiency, copper toxicity, diarrhea, enterotoxemia, general, goiter, grass tetany, indigestion, milk fever, polioencephalomalacia, selenium (and/or vitamin E) deficiency, including white muscle disease, selenium toxicity, pregnancy toxemia, urinary calculi, and (other) vitamin and mineral deficiencies and toxicities.

Acidiosis (grain overload)

[PDF] Abomasal bloat - Meat & Wool New Zealand
[PDF] Acid indigestion - Alberta, Canada
[PDF] Acidosis: causes, prevention, and treatment - NSW, Australia
[PDF] Acidosis in goats - Sweetlix®
Acute and subacute ruminal acidosis - Utah State University
[AuthorStream] Acute carbohydrate engorgement of ruminants
Barley poisoning - alnorthumbria vet group (UK)
Grain overload - Merck Vet Manual | Sub-acute ruminal acidosis
[PDF] Grain overload - National Goat Handbook
[PDF] Grain poisoning - Livestock Central Australia
Grain poisoning of cattle and sheep - NSW, Australia | PDF
How to prevent acidosis in goats - GoatGal.com
Ruminal acidosis - Onion Creek Farm
[PDF] Rumen acidosis or grain poisoning - CattleKing Ag Services
[PDF] Ruminal acidosis: understanding, prevention, and treatment
[PDF] Use caution when changing sheep rations - Alberta, Canada

Bloat

[PDF] Artificial lamb rearing: managing abomasal bloat - Beef+Lamb NZ
[PDF] Beware of bloat! - Sweetlix®
[PDF] Bloat - Alaska Livestock Series
Bloat - InfoVets
Bloat - Lavender Fleece
Bloat - NSW, Australia | PDF
Bloat - Queensland, Australia
[PDF] Bloat in cattle and sheep - Can. J. Comparative Med.
Bloat in goats - BoerGoats.com
Bloat in goats - Kinne's Mini's
[PDF] Bloat in ruminants (goats) - University of Florida
[PDF] Bloat in sheep and goats - Ethiopia Sheep/Goat Project
Bloat on legume pastures - Manitoba Forage Council
[PDF] Bloat on legume pastures - University of Delaware
Bloat (ruminal tympany) - Merck Veterinary Manual
In depth article on goat bloat - Goat-link.com
Managing sheep to prevent bloat - Sheep! Magazine
[PDF] Pasture bloat: prevention and treatment - Beef Cattle Handbook
Preventing bloat on pasture - University of Wisconsin
Preventing pasture bloat in sheep - Purdue University
Rumen mobility and bloat diagnosis - Kinne's Mini's
Ruminal tympany (bloat) - Colorado State University
[Scribd] Tympany in ruminants by Ali Sadiek Assiut Univesity

Copper -related

Deficiency

Basic information on copper deficiency in goats in So. California
Copper deficiency and toxicity in goats - Onion Creek Ranch
[PDF] Copper deficiency in Creole goat kids - Repro. Nutr. Dev.
Copper deficiency in Pygmy goats - Kinne's Mini's
[PDF] Copper deficiency in sheep and cattle - Western Australia
[PDF] Goat health: copper deficiency - NSW, Australia
"Silvering" in fleeces: an explanation - Hebridean Sheep Society
[VIDEOS] Swayback - Animax Vet Tech
[PDF] Swayback (enzootic ataxia) in Alberta lambs
Treatment of copper deficiency in sheep and cattle - Pharmplex

Toxicity

Chronic copper poisoning in sheep - Ontario, Canada
Control of copper poisoning in sheep - Ireland
Copper poisoning in sheep - NADIS UK | PDF
Copper Poisoning in a Flock of Sheep. Copper Excretion Patterns
Copper poisoning - MLC UK
Copper poisoning ruminants - Moredun Research Institute
Copper toxicity - Daneke Club Lambs
[PDF] Copper toxicity - LSU Ag Center
[PDF] Copper toxicity in confinement-housed ram lambs - Can. Vet J.
Copper toxicity in sheep - Purdue University
Copper toxicity in sheep - Salt Institute
[PDF] Copper toxicity in sheep is on the rise in Kansas and Nebraksa
[PDF] OGFA Ad hoc committee on copper toxicity in sheep
Revisiting copper toxicity in sheep ... by Susan Schoenian
What diseases are associated with copper? - Serious Goats

Diarrhea (scours)

[PDF] Calf scours simplified - Utah State University
[PDF] Causes of scouring amongst goats - Boer Goat Assoc. of Australia
Diarrhea - Onion Creek Ranch
Diarrhea (neonatal) - GoatWisdom
Diarrhea in sheep - LifeStyle Block NZ
Diarrhea (scours) in small ruminants by Susan Schoenian
[PDF] Diarrheal diseases - National Goat Handbook (scroll down menu)
Diarrhea: treat the disease, not the symptom - BoerGoats.com
Goat diarrhea signs - Jack & Anita Maudlin's Boer Goats
Scouring (diarrhea) in baby goats - Goat-link.com
Scouring in hand-reared animals - Lifestyle Block NZ
[PDF] Scours and ill thrift in growing lambs - Dalehead Vets UK
Watery mouth (e. coli scours) -- go to lamb and kid diseases page.
Yersiniosis - NSW, Australia
Yersiniosis in sheep/goats - Tasmania, Australia
Young Ruminant Diarrhea - GoatConnection

Enterotoxemia (overeating disease)

Go to bacterial diseases page.

General

Ewe nutrition and metabolic diseases - NADIS UK | PDF
Metabolic and nutritional diseases - National Goat Handbook
Metabolic and nutrition diseases of goats - Ontario, Canada
[PDF] Nutritional causes of reproductive losses - National Goat Handbook
[PDF] Nutritional diseases of sheep - Utah State University
Nutritional effects on sheep health - Lincoln University
Problems that can be frequently related to nutrition - Serious Goats
Raising rumens - boergoats.com
[Class Notes] Rumen metabolic disease - Purdue University

Goiter (iodine deficiency)

Gioter and iodine deficiency - Tasmania, Australia
Goiter in goats - Manitoba, Canada
Iodine deficiency in ruminants - Ballance New Zealand
[PDF] Iodine deficiency in sheep - Salt Institute

Milk goiter

Milk goiter in goat kids - Goat Biology recommended
Milk neck / milk goiter - Fias Co Farm
Non-neoplastic enlargement of the throid gland - Merck Vet Manual

Grass tetany

[PDF] Controlling grass tetany in livestock - New Mexico State University
Grass tetany by Andre Voisin | In sheep
[PDF] Grass tetany: causes and prevention - Salt Institute
[PDF] Grass tetany and its prevention - Sweetlix®
Grass tetany / grass staggers - Tasmania, Australia
Grass tetany in ruminants FAQ's - Alberta, Canada
How to reduce the potential for grass tetany - West Virginia University
Hypomagnesemic tetany in adult cattle and sheep - Merck Veterinary Manual
Magnesium deficiency - Organic Vet
[PDF] Role of sodium deficiency and excess nitrates in grass tetany
[PDF] Salt reduces grass tetany - Salt Institute

Indigestion (simple)

Simple indigestion (mild dietary indigestion) - Merck Veterinary Manual
[PDF] Simple indigestion - National Goat Handbook (scroll down menu)

Milk fever (hypocalcemia)

Hypocalcemia - Organic Vet
Hypocalcaemia in sheep (milk fever) - Tasmania, Australia
[PDF] Hypocalcemia vs. pregnancy toxemia - Best Wool/Best Lamb
Milk fever strikes by Susan Schoenian
Milk fever - Onion Creek Ranch
Milk fever (hypocalcamia) - Fias Co Farm
More feedback on hypocalcemia in goats - GoatWorld
Parturient paresis in sheep and goats - Merck Veterinary Manual
Pregnancy toxemia and hypocalcemia - Queensland, Australia

Polioencephalomalacia

[PDF] Case report of encephalopathy in goats - Arch. Razi Ins.
Goat polio or listeriosis? - Onion Creek Ranch
Health management: polioencephalomalacia - Alberta, Canada
Our experience with polioencephalomalacia - U-say Ranch
PEM and molasses: the real story - Sweetlix®
Polio (goat polio) - South African Boer Goats

[PDF] Polioencephalomalacia - Large Animal Vet Rounds
Polioencephalomalacia (PEN or CCN) - Organic Vet
Polioencephalomalacia: Introduction - Merck Veterinary Manual
[PDF] Polioencephalomalacia - Large Animal Vet Rounds
Polioencephalomalacia - Purdue University class project
Polioencephalomalaica (goat polio) - Alabama Coop. Extension | PDF
Polioencephalomalacia - J. Anim. Sci.
Polio associated with feed corn gluten - Southern States
[PDF] Polioencephalomalacia in ruminants in Brazil - BJVP
[PDF] Relationship between sulfer and polio (PEM) - South Dak. St. Univ.
[WORD] Sulfur-induced polioencephalomalacia - University of Missouri

Pregnancy toxemia (ketosis)

Gestational toxemia in sheep - GoatConnection
[PDF] Goat health: pregnancy toxemia - NSW, Australia
Ketosis and pregnancy toxemia - Fias Co Farm
[PDF] Ketosis or pregnancy toxemia in the doe - Sweetlix®
[PDF] Ketosis or pregnancy toxemia in the ewe - Sweetlix®
[PDF] Pregnancy disease: a flock perspective - Michigan State University
[PDF] Pregnancy ketosis - Pipestone Vet Clinic
[PDF] Pregnancy toxemia - Navajo Sheep Project
[PDF] Pregnancy toxemia and ketosis - Champaign Co. Goat Council
[PDF] Pregnancy toxemia in goats - Alabama Coop. Extension
Pregnancy toxemia (twin lamb disease) - Western Australia
[PDF] Pregnancy toxemia and hypocalcemia of ewes - Western Australia
Pregnancy toxemia and ketosis in goats - Western Australia
Pregnancy toxemia in ewes and does by Susan Schoenian
Pregnancy toxemia (ketosis) in does and ewes - Lincoln University

Selenium (and vitamin E)-related

Deficiency

Nutritional myopathy of calves and lambs - Merck Vet Manual
Nutritional muscular dystrophy of goats - Caprine Classic Dairy Goats
[PDF] Selenium and vitamin E deficiencies of Livestock - Vigortone
[PDF] Selenium deficiency in sheep - NSW, Australia
Selenium deficiency and toxicity - Onion Creek Ranch
Selenium-related disorders in Washington livestock
Vitamin E and selenium concentrations in ewes and lambs
Vitamin E and Selenium deficiency - Organic Vet
Weak kid (white muscle disease) - Clear Creek Farms
White muscle disease - Maudlin's Boer Goats
[PDF] White muscle disease - Pipestone Vet Clinic
White muscle disease - Purdue University class project
White muscle disease in sheep and goats by Susan Schoenian

Toxicity

[PDF] Naturally-occurring acute selenium toxicosis in sheep
[PDF] Selenium poisoning in livestock - NWISRL publications
Selenium poisoning of livestock - Queensland, Australia
Selenium toxicity in farm animals: treatment and prevention
Selenium toxicosis - Merck Veterinary Manual

Urinary calculi (urolithiasis, water belly)

Effects of ammonium chloride supplementation in goats - Bayer
[PDF] Incidence of urinary calculi in goats fed a high P diet - Japan
[PDF] Urinary blockage in llamas and alpacas - Penn State University
Urinary calculi - Bar None Meat Goats
[PDF] Urinary calculi in cattle and sheep - University of Nebraska (historical)
Urinary calculi in goats - Onion Creek Ranch
Urinary calculi in growing lambs - Ontario, Canada
Urinary calculi in sheep and goats by Susan Schoenian
Urinary calculi in wether lambs/kids - Texas A&M University
[PDF] Urinary calculi (water belly) - Iowa State University
Urinary calculi - National Pygmy Goat Association
[PDF] Urinary stones in goats - Sweetlix™
Urinary calculi in wether lambs/kids - Colorado St. University | PDF
Urinary calculi: the "buck" killer - Maudlin's Boer Goats
Urinary stones - Fias Co Farm
Urolithiasis in Pygmy goats - Kinne's Mini's
Urolithiasis in ruminants - Merck Veterinary Manual
Urolithiasis in small ruminants - GoatConnection

(other) Vitamin and mineral deficiencies

Cobalt - Vitamin B-12 deficience - Daneke Club Lambs
[PDF] Detection and treatment of mineral nutrition problems - ACAIR
Iodine deficiency in sheep - Salt Institute
[PDF] Mineral deficiencies in livestock - Fort Lewis College (CO)
Minerals and mineral deficiences - Smallstock in Development
Trace element deficiency in sheep - NADIS UK | PDF
[PDF] Trace element deficiencies in sheep and cattle - Western Australia
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies in goats - Onion Creek Ranch
[PDF] Vitamin deficiences in livestock - Fort Lewis College (CO)
[PDF] Vitamin B-12 deficiency in sheep and cattle
[PDF] Vitamin E - Pipestone Vet Clinic

(other) Vitamin and mineral toxicities

[PDF] Lead poisoning in livestock - NSW, Australia
Lead poisoning in livestock - Queensland Australia


Milk fever
 A Katahdin ewe stricken with milk fever.